|Future hard-core criminal|
To meet the requirements of the Act the Castlemaine Gaol was proclaimed a reformatory prison for youthful offenders and a portion of the Pentridge Penal Establishment was set apart as a reformatory prison for prisoners of the habitual class.
At Castlemaine, in 1925, a schoolroom with modern equipment was built within the prison, and school instruction forms an important part of the curriculum. The school is under the supervision of the Education Department. Instruction is given in the use of tools, in woodwork and sheetmetal work, and in general education. On the farm, about 3 miles from the prison, there is accommodation for fourteen of the prison inmates, and there are houses there under the honour system.
There's more studies, in particular a great look at Delinquents. Most Delinquents, if not put in gaol, would merely form a conga line and dance the night away, watched by the sad few who hung their heads in shame and were forced to live in a box. And what made a Delinquent successful at Delinquency? A lack of intelligence. Fred determined that his Delinquents could be classified into the following levels of intelligence, via their rudimentary IQ tests:
70-79 - borderline
80-89 - backward
90-109 - normal
110-119 - bright
120-129 - very bright
130+ - very superior
Now I'm not sure about you, but I don't know what would be worse - being called backward or borderline. It'd be a challenge. Naturally with most kids dropping out of school to enter a life of crime, the bulk of them were, well, feeble-minded at worse, backwards at best. However in the late 1930s, if you were classified as being on the 'borderline between sanity and mental derangement' then you were instantly classed as being psychopathic and thrown into the loony bin or put into solitary at Pentridge. Instead of calling the kids psychopathic, Fred classed them as being either Good, medium, Poor or Bad, with one kid earning the classification of being a 'bad type, always seeking evil companions'. Most of the other 'bad types' were 'dirty, irritable, sullen, lazy and resentful'. I expect that, at the age of 15, if I was starving every day and got a good flogging and locked up by the plod for stealing food, I'd be fairly pissed off too. It's only natural.
|Being unemployed in the 1930s led to people adopting a pose akin to dropping a log|
|"We're outta gaol! LET'S CONGA!!"|
|In the country, you shoveled shit or you didn't work. The skilled laborer fixed the shovels|
|Yep, people lived like this back in the 1920s|